A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z [Show all]

Related content

Displaying publicaions: 1 - 13 of 13
Sustainable Development and International Cooperation in the Eastern Nile Basin
Amer, Salah El-Din
The following article provides an overview of issues related to international cooperation and water use in the Eastern Nile Basin, thereby introducing the following three papers written from an Ethiopian, Sudanese and Egyptian perspective respectively. Basic environmental and socio-economic data is given. The various national interests and international initiatives in the Nile Basin are introduced. Key areas of consensus between the authors, as well as open questions that still need to be worked on, are elaborated. The article also describes the unique process of how the six authors from three countries worked on this joint publication in the Nile Dialogue Workshop of 2002. Key conclusions are that sustained, non-polemical communication can lead to cooperation, and that cooperation is the cornerstone to sustainable water development. Aquatic Sciences 2005, (67): pp. 3-14. Available for purchase from: SpringerLink
From Conflict to Cooperation in the Nile Basin
Mason, Simon
PhD Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland
Ethiopia and the Nile
Arsano, Yacob
PhD Thesis, University of Zurich, Switzerland This thesis addresses the use and management of the Nile waters from a legal/institutional, security, environmental and economic point of view. On the national level the limited institutional and economic capacity to make use of Ethiopia's waters was highlighted as a key factor, slowing development and minimizing Ethiopia's clout to influence international relations to her advantage. On the international level the downstream's (Egypt and Sudan) holding on to the status quo of historical agreements and the principle of "acquired rights" was identified as a major factor blocking cooperative development. The Nile Basin Initiative, since 1999, gives hope for a more cooperative future. The success of the NBI, however, will only be assured if a legal/institutional framework can be agreed on. The PhD ends with various options to increase cooperation, also on non-water issues. Download
Sudan and the Nile Basin
Hamad, Osman El-Tom
The following article gives an overview of Sudanese water development facts and potentials and their regional impact on the other countries sharing the Nile River and beyond. These are set in relation to the unique environmental, socio-economic and political context of Sudan. While the availability of land for irrigation is great, water is limited due to Sudans situation upstream of Egypt and downstream of Ethiopia and the Equatorial Lakes. This geographical position makes Sudan take on a mediative approach to international relations in the Nile Basin. Recent steps to cooperation in the Nile Basin Initiative are presented; they highlight the enormous opportunities that exist in the cooperative development of the Nile. Aquatic Sciences 2005, (67): pp. 28-41 Available from: SpringerLink
Are we Scorpions? The Role of Upstream-Downstream Dialogue in fostering Cooperation in the Nile Basin
Mason, Simon
Water consumed upstream does not flow downstream. Consequently, upstream–downstream relations along a shared river may entail competitive use or even conflict. What is the role of communication in preventing or transforming such behavior? The present article addresses this question based on lessons learned in 3 Dialogue Workshops carried out between 2002 and 2004 in the Eastern Nile Basin, with participants from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan. It indicates that the danger of upstream–downstream relations is not primarily “scorpion-like” behavior (damaging an opponent), but rather “ostrich-like” behavior (burying one's head in the sand, ignoring unilateral developments). Dialogue is shown to be a key determinant in rectifying this situation, as it is the basis for trust-building, exchange of information, and development of mutually acceptable management options. Other key factors to be considered are the balance of power between highland–lowland actors and the legal/institutional framework governing their interaction. Mountain Research and Development 2005, 25(2), pp. 115-120 Order via your university library from: BioOne
Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in the Eastern Nile Basin to Environmental Factors
Abd El-Moghny, Mohamed
Master's Thesis, Cairo University, Egypt "A situation analysis with regard to the vulnerability of water resources systems in the Eastern Nile Basin was carried out. The focus was on using internationally recognized indicators and indices that can provide an insight about the situation in the region in a concise and illustrative fashion. A generic operational framework for assessing vulnerability of water systems was outlined and applied to the Eastern Nile Basin. Based on a careful survey, a list of 31 indicators used for vulnerability assessment were identified and categorized according to an outlined categorical structure designed to separate hydrological and physical indicators from other indicators of socio-economic or political nature. [...]" Download
Ethiopia and the Nile
Arsano, Yacob
Center for Security Studies (CSS), ETH Zurich, Switzerland
National and Indigenous Management of Environmental Conflicts in the Savannah Belt of Sudan
Ahmed, Mey Eltayeb
PhD Thesis, University of Khartoum, Sudan For further information, please contact the author
Im Südsudan ist der Zensus ein hochpolitisches Unterfangen
Santschi, Martina
Erstmals in der Geschichte des Sudans wird eine Volkszählung durchgeführt, die den gesamten Südsudan sowie grosse Teile des Nordens umfasst. Im Zensus spiegeln sich der Machtkampf zwischen Khartum und dem Süden sowie Rivalitäten innerhalb des Südsudans. NZZ 110, 14.5.2008. Download
Traditional Mediation in Sudan
Ahmed, Mey Eltayeb
Poster, Kongress Mediation in Politik und Verwaltung, Zurich, 2 November
Briefing: Counting ‘New Sudan’
Santschi, Martina
Between 22 April and 6 May 2008, Sudan’s fifth population and housing census was conducted in both North and South Sudan. Because it will have a decisive impact on future power and wealth sharing in Sudan, the census has been highly contested, and its outcome is likely to be controversial. This briefing argues that the hotly contested census not only highlighted existing tensions between the North and the South on topics such as resources, power sharing, and identity but also intensified competition among Southern Sudanese political actors. African Affairsy 107:631-640 Order from: African Affairs
Double-Edged Hydropolitics on the Nile
Luzi, Samuel
This thesis focuses on domestic processes of water policy making in Egypt and Ethiopia in the context of transboundary conflict and cooperation in the Nile Basin. It presents results at two different levels. First, the water sectors of Egypt and Ethiopia are analyzed with regard to their capacity to jointly design and implement effective and sustainable strategy for transboundary river development. Second, the study produces general insights regarding the nature of transboundary river conflicts and the challenges of conflict mitigation. PhD Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ) Zurich, Switzerland For further information please contact the author