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Farmer and Conventional Perspectives on Conservation in Western Mexico
Gerritsen, Peter
Establishment of conservation areas has become a standard strategy for protecting biodiversity. Different categories are distinguished, such as those that aim at enhancing local participation. Although rapid evolution has taken place since the 1970s, stimulating participation still challenges conservationists. Understanding the complex issues impacting on participation is a first step in finding more effective methods of conservation. The present article addresses this issue by contrasting farmer and conventional perspectives on conservation. A differentiation between ecologically oriented biodiversity conservation perspectives and livelihood-oriented resource diversity perspectives is proposed. A case study from western Mexico illustrates both perspectives. Mountain Research and Development 2005, Vol. 25, No. 1: pp. 30–36 Available for purchase from: BioOne
"But now men also listen to the women"
Locher, Martina
Asiatische Studien / Études Asiatiques 2007, LXI - 4/2007, pp. 1113-1139. Order this publication from: Peter Lang Publishing Group
Umweltkonflikte – Katalysatoren für Kooperation?
Ludi, Eva
In: Steinmetz, E (ed.). 2003. Naturschutz - (Aus-)Löser von Konflikten? Dokumentation einer Tagung des Bundesamtes für Naturschutz und der Heinrich Böll Stiftung vom 25. - 27. November 2002 in Berlin. pp. 73-81 Download from: Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Deutschland
Welt der Alpen - Erbe der Welt
Wallner, Astrid
Bern, Haupt Verlag
Die Jungfrau – unermesslich schön?
Droz, Marcel
Master's Thesis, University of Salzburg, Austria Die touristisch enorm attraktive Hochgebirgslandschaft des Welterbe-Gebiets steht in direkter Wechselbeziehung mit der Umgebungslandschaft. Das sich daraus ergebende Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Schutz und Nutzung lässt die langfristige Sicherung der von der UNESCO ausgezeichneten Alleinstellungsmerkmale als grosse Herausforderung erscheinen. Erschwerend für das Gebietsmanagement kommt hinzu, dass die Natur- und Kulturlandschaft durch naturbedingte Veränderungsprozesse (Stichwort Klimawandel) sowie durch den (land-)wirtschaftlichen Strukturwandel fortwährend überprägt wird. Deshalb sind Monitoring- und Controllinginstrumente erforderlich, um Veränderungen zu erkennen und ihren Einfluss auf die Werte und Potenziale des Welterbes einschätzen zu können. Während Datengrundlagen aus bestehenden Monitoringsystemen in einzelnen Bereichen eine wertvolle Ausgangslage darstellen, fehlt bislang ein operationeller Ansatz zur Identifizierung und Überwachung der von der UNESCO dem Gebiet attestierten aussergewöhnlichen natürlichen Schönheit und ästhetischen Bedeutung. Die Operationalisierung von Landschaftsästhetik stellt damit das Kernstück dieser Arbeit dar. Download
Management Plan for the Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Site
Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Association,
Naters and Interlaken (Switzerland), Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Association This Management Plan outlines measures to ensure the long-term preservation of the unique Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn (JAB) World Heritage Site and discusses ways in which its value can be leveraged by the surrounding region. The Management Plan addresses all groups within the administration, the general population, the business sector and civil society who are involved and interested in the protection and use of the World Heritage Site and its surrounding region. It represents a binding obligation on the part of the JAB World Heritage Site Association to initiate and coordinate the implementation process. Available for download and purchase from: Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn World Heritage Association
"We could show the men, that we are able to do it"
Locher, Martina
In: Premchander S, Müller C, editors. 2006. Gender and Sustainable Development: Case Studies from NCCR North-South. Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South, Bern: Geographica Bernensia, pp. 267-284 Download
Nature conservation and sustainable development
Soliva, Reto
In: Domroes M. editor. 2003. Translating Development: The Case of Nepal. New Delhi, Social Science Press. Order from: Vedams Books
Die Erweiterung des Schweizerischen Nationalparks
Müller, Urs
"It seems to be increasingly recognised worldwide that the aims of nature conservation or of regional planning can only be achieved with adequate involvement of the concerned communities themselves. This article analyses the social processes during the proposed extension of the Swiss National Park between 1996 and 2000 from a participatory viewpoint. It is based on an analysis of relevant newspaper articles and in-depth interviews with representatives of involved stakeholders. Considering that participation is a very popular, yet contested term, we distinguish between normative (i.e., the aim is participation) and instrumental (i.e., the aim is to achieve predefined goals) participation, notions that supplement rather than exclude each other. While the local population rejected the majority of the proposed extensions of the Park, results show that this should not be perceived as a failure of the process. That the outcome was not perceived by local people to be satisfactory could be explained by the lack of awareness of the basic principles of participatory processes, like openness and transparency of planning, a sufficient timeframe, and independent mediation. These organisational shortcomings resulted in fundamental opposition from groups of local stakeholders and constrained the future development potential of the region." DISP 2004, Vol. 159, No. 4,pp. 44-51
Reconciling biodiversity conservation priorities with livelihood needs in Kangchenjunga Conservation Area, Nepal
Gurung, Ghana
Human Geography Series 2006, Vol. 23. Department of Human Geography, Institute of Geography, University of Zurich, Zurich. 192 pp. ISBN 3-906302-06-7 Order from: Department of Geography, University of Zurich
Traditional ecological knowledge, land use and ecosystem diversity in the Tunari National Park (Bolivia)
Boillat, Sebastien
PhD Thesis, University of Bern, Switzerland This thesis has the overall goal of contributing to the development of the emerging approach of “nature-society hybrids” by setting the fundaments for a dialogue between the needs of biodiversity conservation and the needs and claims of indigenous and traditional people. It is based on the assumption that indigenous and traditional people may not be conservationists “by default”, because the concept of biodiversity conservation has emerged from a concern of modern science and global policy in the developed world that they do not share necessarily. Nevertheless, indigenous communities may have traditional land use practices that are at the same time deeply rooted in their traditional knowledge and specific cultural worldview, and highly relevant for the conservation of biodiversity. The main objective of the thesis was to analyze the links between traditional ecological knowledge, land use and the diversity of ecosystems, as a basis for the promotion of sustainable development, understood as results emerging from the dialogue between scientific and traditional ecological knowledge. Download (9.5 MB)
Regionalentwicklung – Heterogener Lebens- und Wirtschaftsraum
Aerni, Isabel
Welt der Alpen - Erbe der Welt: Wissenschaftler/Innen berichten über ihre Ergebnisse und Erkenntnisse aus der Alpen- und der globalen Gebirgsforschung. Es geht um die aktuelle Dynamik und Langzeitsignale, um Risikomanagement und Nachhaltigkeit, aber auch um Mythen und Lebensalltag sowie um Autonomie und Fremdbestimmung im globalen Zusammenhang. Jeder dieser vier Themenbereiche wird mit einem Einführungsartikel eingeleitet und beinhaltet zwei Beiträge aus den Alpen sowie zwei weitere entweder aus den Anden, dem Karakorum, Kaukasus, Himalaja, den Berggebieten in Ostafrika, Lesotho oder Neuseeland. Nach dem von der UNO proklamierten «Internationalen Jahr der Berge» stellt sich die Frage, was die Geographie leisten kann, um zur nachhaltigeren Entwicklung der Gebirgsräume in einer globalisierten Welt beizutragen. In: Wallner, A., Bäschlin, E., Grosjean, M., Labhart, T., Schüpbach, U., Wiesmann, U., editors. 2007. Welt der Alpen - Erbe der Welt. UNESCO Welterbe-Region Jungfrau-Aletsch-Bietschhorn. Bern: Haupt, pp. 185-195 Order this publication from: Haupt
Reconciling conservation and livelihood needs in protected areas of Nepal
Gurung, Ghana
In: Jeff McNeely, Tom McCarthy, Andrew Smith, Linda Whittaker and Eric Wikramnayake, editors. 2006. Conservation Biology in Asia. Kathmandu: Society for Conservation Biology Asia Section and Resources Himalaya Foundation, pp. 45-61 Order from: Resources Himalaya Foundation
Citoyenneté "autochtone" et réformes environnementales en Amazonie bolivienne
Bottazzi, Patrick
L’objectif de cette communication est de nous questionner sur les causes et la nature des changements sociopolitiques encourus ces dernières années dans les sociétés d’Amazonie bolivienne, en présentant une approche, quelques données contextuelles et une brève étude de cas : la Réserve de Biosphère et Territoire Indigène Pilón Lajas. Revue Lazos 2005, No. 7 Available for purchase from: Lazos
El mundo en un espejo
Gerritsen, Peter
"An understanding of the current policies that conjugate the conservative interests with the develompental demands needs an analysis of the sustainable development concept. This study examines how the environmental change is perceived by a farmer comunity located in a Biosphere Reserve. We observe how the policies promoted by the globalising development tear down progressively the universe of meanings of the farmers. Thus, their particular view of the natural, productive and social cycles goes through a crisis, creating a dependence based on the incomprehension and ignorance of external factors. This analysis leads us to address some ideas for the management of protected natural areas, taking into consideration all the actors, interests and notions involved in order to achieve an integrating and communicative sustainable development." Economía, Sociedad y Territorio 2004, pp. 253-278 Download PDF from: redalyc
Mountains: Special Places to be Protected?
Kollmair, Michael
Mountains are regularly a focus of international efforts to conserve the environment and promote sustainable development. The present article analyses the extent of protection in mountainous compared to non-mountainous areas, sheds light on the rationales behind the establishment of mountain protected areas, and proposes directions for future conservation endeavours with reference to mountain protected areas. The International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management 2005, Volume 1, Number 4, pp. 181-189(9) Available for purchase from: Ingentaconnect
Tropical Montane Cloud Forests: A Challenge for Conservation
Hostettler, Silvia
Tropical montane cloud forests (TMCF) have been identified in 736 sites in 59 countries. The important role of TMCF in sustaining the livelihoods of local populations by protecting watersheds and sustaining unpolluted freshwater sources has been generally recognised. Cloud forests are important sources of nontimber forest products and are an essential habitat for many endemic and threatened plant and animal species. During the past 20 years, cloud forests worldwide have been disappearing rapidly. Sustainable management and conservation of cloud forests faces many challenges including population pressure, poor awareness of their value and the lack of reliable information, political will and donor assistance [...]. Bois et forêts des tropiques 2002, 274(4):19-31 Download
Fortalecimiento de la organización comunal
Serrano, Elvira
"Fortalecimiento de la organización comunal: estrategia para la conservación y regeneración de bosques andino" in: Delgado F, Serrano E, Bilbao J. editors. 2004. Agroforesteria en Latinoaméria: Experiencias Locales, Cochabamba, MALEA- AGRUCO, pp. 41-50. Order from: agruco.org