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Knowledge for Sustainable Development in the Tajik Pamir Mountains
Breu, Thomas
The paper presents the results of a multi-year baseline study project in which 10 sectors ranging from agriculture to natural hazards were assessed by a transdisciplinary Swiss–Tajik research team. This knowledge base was enhanced in a development strategy workshop that brought together stakeholders from the local to the international levels. The methodology applied was found appropriate to initiate a broad reflection and negotiation process among various stakeholder groups, leading to a joint identification of possible measures to be taken. Knowledge—and its enhancement through the involvement of all stakeholder levels—appeared to be an effective carrier of innovation and changes of attitudes, thus containing the potential to effectively contribute to sustainable development in marginalized and resource-poor mountain areas. Mountain Research and Development 2005, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp. 139–146 Order via your university library from: BioOne
Towards Transdisciplinarity in Sustainability-Oriented Research for Development
Hurni, Hans
In: Hurni H, Wiesmann U, Schertenleib R, editors. 2004. Research for Mitigating Syndromes of Global Change. A Transdisciplinary Appraisal of Selected Regions of the World to Prepare Development-Oriented Research Partnerships. Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South, University of Berne, Vol. 1. Berne: Geographica Bernensia, pp. 31-42 Order from: Centre for Development and Environment
Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research
Hirsch Hadorn, Gertrude
Principles for Designing Transdisciplinary Research
Pohl, Christian
Proposed by the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences This book is proposed by the transdisciplinarity-net, which is a project supported by the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences. It offers a means of designing transdisciplinary research. The tools presented here help structure the research process, in particular with a view to: adequately reducing the complexity of a problem field, taking into account the multiplicity of perspectives, embedding research into the social context, and adapting concepts and methods in the course of the research process. This publication shows how these tools can be used in the three phases of a transdisciplinary research process: identifying and structuring the problem, analyzing the problem and bringing results to fruition. Available from: München, oekom verlag
Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research: Idea of the Handbook
Hoffmann-Riem, Holger
Transdisciplinary orientations in research, education and institutions try to overcome the mismatch between knowledge production in academia, and knowledge requests for solving societal problems. It becomes necessary to transgress boundaries between different academic cultures, such as between the humanities and the natural sciences. Furthermore, researchers have to step into problem fields and engage in mutual learning with people in the life-world. In doing so, disciplinary standards of knowledge production are sacrificed. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a state of the art for transdisciplinary forms of research. This is best done by learning from experiences. The Handbook is intended to enable learning from exemplary experiences in research and to provide a more systematic account of some cross-cutting issues. This chapter describes the idea behind the Handbook and the contents of the Handbook. In: Hirsch Hadorn G et al, editors. Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research. Springer Verlag. Available from: Springer Verlag.
Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research: The emergence of Transdisciplinarity as a Form of Research
Hirsch Hadorn, Gertrude
By transgressing disciplinary paradigms and surpassing the practical problems of single actors, transdisciplinary research is challenged by the following requirements: to grasp the complexity of the problems, to take into account the diversity of scientific and societal views of the problems, to link abstract and case specific knowledge, and to constitute knowledge with a focus on problem-solving for what is perceived to be the common good. Transdisciplinary research relates to three types of knowledge: systems knowledge, target knowledge and transformation knowledge, and reflects their mutual dependencies in the research process. Research that addresses problems in the life-world comprises the phase of problem identification and problem structuring, the phase of problem investigation and the phase of bringing results to fruition. In: Hirsch Hadorn G et al, editors. Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research. Springer Verlag. Available from: Springer Verlag.
Das Projekt „Von Bauern – für Bauern“ aus transdisziplinärer Sicht
Schneider , Flurina
Bulletin Arbeitsgruppe "Vollzugsbiologie" - Groupe de travail "Biologie du Sol - Application" 11: 12-14 Download
Research for Mitigating Syndromes of Global Change
Hurni, Hans
Bern, Geographica Bernensia
Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research: Sustainable River Basin Management in Kenya: Balancing Needs and Requirements.
Kiteme, Boniface
This chapter presents an example of transdisciplinarity based on 25 years of continuous research in the upper Ewaso Ng’iro north basin on the north-western slopes of Mount Kenya. It shows how the research facility evolved from a district and project planning support institution, based on needs, to a regionally oriented and integrated facility addressing the requirements of sustainability. Projecting on the basis of long-term implications of changes in ecological processes and socio-economic and institutional dynamics on water availability, research activities were embedded in a multilevel, multistakeholder transfer strategy to ensure integration of scientific and local knowledge systems and long-term ownership of preferred interventions. In conclusion, the chapter lists seven recommendations on salient issues of transdisciplinary research. In: Hirsch Hadorn G et al, editors. Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research. Springer Verlag. Available from: Springer Verlag.
Bridging Research and Development
Messerli, Peter
NCCR North-South Dialogue Series Bern, NCCR North-South
Comment renforcer la recherche transdisciplinaire: Une synthèse en quinze propositions
Wiesmann, Urs
Le débat autour de la transdisciplinarité est relativement nouveau et la réflexion sur le processus de recherche transdisciplinaire est en cours de développement. Ce chapitre représente une tentative pour stimuler le débat sur la recherche transdisciplinaire et son développement. Avec les 15 propositions que nous présentons ici en qualité de directeurs de redaction du Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research (Manuel de la recherche transdisciplinaire), nous prenons d’abord position sur la définition, la portée et le processus de la recherché transdisciplinaire. Nous donnons ensuite des pistes de réflexion sur la manière d’aborder les obstacles les plus persistants à la pratique transdisciplinaire. Nous mettons finalement l’accent sur les éléments essentiels et nécessaires pour relever les défis scientifiques, institutionnels et sociaux de la transdisciplinarité. In: Darbellay F, Paulsen T, editors. Le défi de l'inter- et transdisciplinarité. Lausanne: Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, pp 169-196.
Implications of transdisciplinarity for sustainability research
Hirsch Hadorn, Gertrude
In ecological economics the terms sustainable development and transdisciplinarity are closely related. This close relation is due to the fact that research for sustainable development has to be issue oriented and reflect the diversity, complexity and dynamics of the processes involved as well as their variability between specific problem situations. Furthermore, the knowledge of people involved and their needs and interests at stake have to be included. There are three interrelated questions about issues to be addressed in sustainability research: 1. How do processes constitute a problem field and where are the needs for change? 2. What are more sustainable practices? 3. How can existing practices be transformed? To treat them, transdisciplinary research is needed. The emergence of transdisciplinary research in the North and the South is described. By distinguishing analytically among basic, applied and transdisciplinary research the challenges that have to be tackled are analyzed. Ecological Economics 60(1):119-128. Available from: ScienceDirect
Traditional ecological knowledge, land use and ecosystem diversity in the Tunari National Park (Bolivia)
Boillat, Sebastien
PhD Thesis, University of Bern, Switzerland This thesis has the overall goal of contributing to the development of the emerging approach of “nature-society hybrids” by setting the fundaments for a dialogue between the needs of biodiversity conservation and the needs and claims of indigenous and traditional people. It is based on the assumption that indigenous and traditional people may not be conservationists “by default”, because the concept of biodiversity conservation has emerged from a concern of modern science and global policy in the developed world that they do not share necessarily. Nevertheless, indigenous communities may have traditional land use practices that are at the same time deeply rooted in their traditional knowledge and specific cultural worldview, and highly relevant for the conservation of biodiversity. The main objective of the thesis was to analyze the links between traditional ecological knowledge, land use and the diversity of ecosystems, as a basis for the promotion of sustainable development, understood as results emerging from the dialogue between scientific and traditional ecological knowledge. Download (9.5 MB)
Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research: Enhancing Transdisciplinary Research: A Synthesis in Fifteen Propositions
Wiesmann, Urs
The debate on transdisciplinarity is still fairly young and the process of transdisciplinary research is still being developed. This final chapter is an attempt to stimulate the debate on, and the development of, transdisciplinary research.With the 15 propositions, the editors of the Handbook take a position on the definition, scope and process of transdisciplinary research; then we give hints on how to deal with some of the most persistent stumbling blocks in transdisciplinary practice; and finally, we highlight the corner stones needed to face the scientific, the institutional and the societal challenge. In: Hirsch Hadorn G et al, editors. Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research. Springer Verlag. Available from: Springer Verlag.
Transdisciplinary Research in Developmental Cooperation
Wiesmann, Urs
The Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS). Paris: UNESCO. www.eolss.net Available from: EOLSS UNESCO
Transdisziplinäre Forschung weiterentwickeln: Eine Synthese mit 15 Empfehlungen
Wiesmann, Urs
Die Diskussion rund um das Thema Transdisziplinarität ist noch relativ jung und der Prozess transdisziplinärer Forschung wird laufend weiterentwickelt. Das vorliegende Schlusskapitel des Handbook of Transdisciplinary Research (Handbuch der Transdisziplinären Forschung) ist ein Versuch, die Debatte über sowie die Weiterentwicklung der transdisziplinären Forschung anzuregen. Mit 15 Empfehlungen bezieht die Herausgeberschaft Stellung zur Definition, zum Anwendungsbereich und zum Prozess der transdisziplinären Forschung. Es werden Hinweise zur Bewältigung der wichtigsten Stolpersteine der transdisziplinären Forschungspraxis gegeben, und schliesslich die Eckpfeiler im Umgang mit den wissenschaftlichen, institutionellen und gesellschaftlichen Herausforderungen beleuchtet. In: Darbellay F, Paulsen T, editors. Herausforderung Inter- und Transdisziplinarität. Lausanne: Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes, pp 169-196.
Bridging disciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches in environmental and development research
Wiesmann, Urs
Proceedings of the Conference on Resources, their Dynamics and Sustainability – Capacity Development in Comparative and Integrative Approaches. 13-17 Sept 2004