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Decentralised Composting in Bangladesh
Zurbruegg, Christian
"The paper describes experiences of Waste Concern, a research based Non-Governmental Organisation, with a community-based decentralised composting project in Mirpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The composting scheme started its activities in 1995 with the aim of developing a low-cost technique for composting of municipal solid waste, which is well-suited to Dhaka's waste stream, climate, and socio-economic conditions along with the development of public–private–community partnerships in solid waste management and creation of job opportunities for the urban poor. Organic waste is converted into compost using the “Indonesian Windrow Technique”, a non-mechanised aerobic and thermophile composting procedure. [...]" Resources, Conservation and Recycling 2005, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp. 281-292 Available from: ScienceDirect
Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment of Organic Waste Management Practices in a Peri-urban Community
Swar, Aung Kyaw
Master's Thesis, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand This study attempted to determine the health risks from the organic waste management practices in Tha Klong municipality, Pathumthani province, Thailand. Download
Evaluation de la gestion communautaire des boues de vidange dans la Commune d’Arrondissement de Sahm-Notaire, Ville de Guédiawaye- Région de Dakar-Sénégal
Kassa, Mvoubou Félicien
Master's Thesis, Ecole Inter-Etats d’Ingénieurs de l’Equipement Rural de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Download
Les associations de pré-collecte des déchets à Ouagadougou, les cas de Wogodogo et Nonssin
Jean Richard, Raphael
Master's Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne, Switzerland "La gestion des ordures ménagères dans le contexte africain et burkinabé manque d'organisation et de coordination, car le secteur des déchets solides n'est pas considéré comme prioritaire. Pourtant, les déchets présentent un risque réel pour la santé et l'environnement. Le Centre Régional pour l'Eau Potable et l'Assainissement (CREPA) a appuyé avec un soutien financier, technique et formatif des associations de quartier qui souhaitaient améliorer leur cadre de vie. Cette étude s'est penchée sur les deux premières associations assistées par l'Institution à Ouagadougou en 1993 et 1994. [...]" Download
The Clean Development Mechanism
Lüthi, Christoph
Master's Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland Master's thesis on the current Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and its effect on promotion of sustainable environmental sanitation improvements at decentralised level. The transaction costs and risks associated with the CDM have shown to favour large centralised projects. Though many decentralised projects contribute significantly to increasing sustainable development, they cannot compete with large centralised projects on emission reductions at lowest cost. The study assesses the viability of selected case studies and suggests approaches to enhance decentralised CDM projects. Download
The deterioration of a deprived urban community
Dongo, Kouassi
PhD Thesis, Université de Cocody, Côte d'Ivoire For further information please contact the author
Production and storage of N-enriched co-compost
Adamtey, Noah
This study investigated the type and form of inorganic N fertiliser that is capable of improving the nitrogen content of Co and monitored the changes in the properties of this N-enriched product under storage. In: Waste Management 29: 2429–2436. Download from: Science Direct
Analysis of Deficiencies in the Management of Urban Drainage and Solid and Liquid Waste in the Slums of Yopougon (Abidjan, Ivory Coast):
Dongo, Kouassi
The purpose of this study was to contribute to syndrome mitigation related to deficiencies in the management of urban drainage and solid and liquid waste in Abidjan’s informal settlements in order to assist in improving living conditions of these populations. The study focuses on solid and liquid waste management in 6 informal settlements (Doukouré, Yaoséhi, Mami Faitai, Yamoussoukro, Gbinta and Niangon Continu) which are located along a main drainage channel. Dongo K. 2006. Analysis of Deficiencies in the Management of Urban Drainage and Solid and Liquid Waste in the Slums of Yopougon (Abidjan, Ivory Coast): GIS Mapping, Modelling, and Social Anthropology Approaches [PhD thesis]. Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire: Université de Cocody. Download
Improving Farmers' Wastewater Handling Practice in Vietnam
Van, Tu Vu
This study focuses on perceptions and awareness of farmers and practical aspects of wastewater reuse in two communities of northern Vietnam. Download
Waste-resource flows of short-lived goods in households of Santiago de Cuba
Binder, Claudia
"In this paper, we apply the method of material flow analysis to analyze the consumption and waste mass flows of short-lived goods and we provide first insights into the waste management behavior of households in Santiago de Cuba. The goods analyzed are glass, aluminum, organic material and PET. The necessary data were gathered in personal interviews with 1171 households using a standardized questionnaire. The questionnaire contained questions about socio-demographic variables, such as age, sex, education, income and occupation. The households were asked how many PET bottles, aluminum and glass containers they consume per month and how they dispose of the different kinds of garbage. [...]" Resources, Conservation and Recycling 2006, Published online 2 October 2006 Available from: ScienceDirect
Comparative Health Impact Assessments on Faecal Sludge Management Practices: A Case Study of Klong Luang Municipality, Thailand
Yajima, A., Yajima, A.
Tha Klong sub district with indiscriminate FS dumping and Klong Luang municipality were selected. In order to determine health risks due to faecal management practices , the quantitiative Microbial risk Assessment (QMRA) was conducted by using microbial data of E.Coli and Salmonella spp. The result shows that estimated mean values of yearly infection risks from accidental ingestion of canal water in various scanario were higher than acceptable risk defined by WHO. Download
Waste collection and transportation at the community level in Ho Chi Minh City
Bolay, Jean-Claude
In: Flury M, Geiser U. 2002. Local Environmental Management in a North-South Perspective. Issues of Participation and Knowledge Management. vdf Hochschulverlag Zurich & IOS Press Amsterdam. Order from: vdf Hochschulverlag Zurich
Système d’Information Géographique et Planification stratégique des déchets solides de la ville de Ouahigouya (Burkina Faso)
Kenmoé, Joe Frazié
Master's Thesis, Ecole Inter-Etats d’Ingénieurs de l’Equipement Rural de Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Download
Material Flux Analysis for Waste and Wastewater Management Planning
Sinsupan, Thitiphon
Master's Thesis, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand This thesis describes problems as well as potential solutions in the field of environmental sanitation based on the analysis of nitrogen flows in the city of Pakkret, Thailand. Download
Garbage, work and society
Castillo Berthier, Héctor
"This paper reviews the contribution of the book ‘The Garbage Society: Caciquismo in Mexico City’; written 20 years ago when no official statistics on garbage production were available, to the development of sustainable waste management practice in Mexico. At that time public information was extremely difficult to obtain and environmental pollution was not regarded as an important research area for many disciplines, including social sciences. The objective of ‘The Garbage Society’ was to provide a detailed description of all the stages involved in garbage disposal from the time when it is discarded, until it resurfaces in recycled products. This process can be summarized as Garbage+Working FORCE=Merchandise. The garbage problem in Mexico City is an accurate reflection of the Mexican political system that has traditionally supported corporatism in which caciques (a person who exercises absolute power over a group) play a key role. Current data are used to verify the events of that first study and through reflection on the historical process, to indicate the requirements for on-going research as a means of clarifying and categorizing the inherent problems associated with sustainable waste management in Mexico." Resources, Conservation & Recycling 2003, Volume 39, Issue 3, Pages 193-210 Available from: ScienceDirect
An Integrated Approach to Environmental Sanitation and Urban Agriculture
Schertenleib, Roland
"Environmental sanitation comprises disposal and treatment of human excreta, solid waste and wastewater, control of disease vectors, and provision of washing facilities for personal and domestic hygiene. The conventional approach to environmental sanitation is characterised by a linear waste management system, where valuable plant nutrients are often not only wasted, but also create pollution problems in receiving waters. Closing the nutrient loop is one of the main objectives of a more ecological approach to environmental sanitation. Reuse of wastewater and organic waste in urban agriculture may contribute to closing this nutrient loop. In addition to food security and income generation, urban agricultural activities can thus help to improve public health and resource management. However, some urban agricultural processes, such as “agricultural practices”, “soil quality management” and “irrigation”, still requires further research." ISHS Acta Horticulturae 2004, No. 643: International Conference on Urban Horticulture Available from: ISHS Acta Horticulturae