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“Trickling down or spilling over?”
Mason, Simon
Paper presented at the ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops, Edinburgh, 28 March to 2 April 2003 This paper focuses on the linkages between international and subnational water conflicts in the Eastern Nile and Syr Daria Basins. It follows the notion of “conflict system”, to conceptualize dynamic linkages between different “water conflict arenas”. The aim of our paper is to categorize possible linkages, describe examples and explore implications for water conflict mitigation, with the goal of a better problem-solving potential. Download
Relationships between Resource Governance and Resource Conflict
Upreti, Bishnu Raj
This paper highlights the relationships between resource rights, governance practices and conflict in Nepal. The discussion is focused on policies, strategies, laws and regulations, and decisions and actual governing practices in natural resources. The good governance framework is used as a conceptual basis to analyse the relationships. This framework is for the purpose of this paper consensus oriented, participatory, guided by the rule of law, effective and efficient, accountable and transparent, responsive, equitable and inclusive. Within this framework, the paper examines the role of resource governance in creating or minimising scarcity and conflict in Nepal. It is based on my current research project on ‘livelihood security, environmental security and conflict mitigation’ in Nepal. It highlights power relations, feelings of injustice, mistrust, the intervention of new technologies, contradiction between customary practices and statutory laws as sources of research. Resource conflicts produce both positive and negative consequences and alter existing social relations, as they induce change in resource management regimes, policy process, livelihood strategies, land use patterns, gender relations, power structures, and individual and collective behaviour. This paper also establishes the linkages between resource conflict and the ongoing Maoist insurgency in Nepal. Journal of Legal Pluralism 2004, No. 50, pp. 71-100 Available for purchase from: Journal of Legal Pluralism
La reconstrucción de lo público
Hoffmann, Sabine
La Paz, Muela del Diablo
Sustainable Development and International Cooperation in the Eastern Nile Basin
Amer, Salah El-Din
The following article provides an overview of issues related to international cooperation and water use in the Eastern Nile Basin, thereby introducing the following three papers written from an Ethiopian, Sudanese and Egyptian perspective respectively. Basic environmental and socio-economic data is given. The various national interests and international initiatives in the Nile Basin are introduced. Key areas of consensus between the authors, as well as open questions that still need to be worked on, are elaborated. The article also describes the unique process of how the six authors from three countries worked on this joint publication in the Nile Dialogue Workshop of 2002. Key conclusions are that sustained, non-polemical communication can lead to cooperation, and that cooperation is the cornerstone to sustainable water development. Aquatic Sciences 2005, (67): pp. 3-14. Available for purchase from: SpringerLink
Women's Participation in Argentina's Picketing Movement
Freytes Frey, Ada Cora
"Based on case study analysis of four picketing organizations in Argentina, this article analyzes the impact of women's participation in the picketing movements, on the ways in which women think about themselves and the social roles they claim. Women's initial involvement in the picketing movements was tied closely to their performance of the traditional roles of mother and wife. Over time, and as a result of women's social participation, these roles acquired new meaning. Women began to reject certain stereotypes linked to the feminine, and to challenge some aspects of the gendered division of tasks and responsibilities. Redefinition of feminine roles, however, has limitations, which are evident through analysis of the unequal participation of women in the movements’ leadership." Journal of Developing Societies 2007, Volume 23, Issues 1-2, pp. 243-258. Available from: Journal of Developing Societies
“No somos juguete de nadie…”
Orozco Ramírez, Shirly
“We are Nobody’s Plaything…” Decentralization, Social Movements and Natural Resources. Case Studies from Bolivia La Paz, Plural Editores
From Conflict to Cooperation in the Nile Basin
Mason, Simon
PhD Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland
Property Rights, Conflicts, and Peace
Goetschel, Laurent
In: Heranando de Soto, Francis Cheneval, editors. 2006. Realizing property rights. Zürich, Rüffer&Rub Publishing House, pp. 186-193 Order from: Rüffer&Rub Publishing House
Ethiopia and the Nile
Arsano, Yacob
PhD Thesis, University of Zurich, Switzerland This thesis addresses the use and management of the Nile waters from a legal/institutional, security, environmental and economic point of view. On the national level the limited institutional and economic capacity to make use of Ethiopia's waters was highlighted as a key factor, slowing development and minimizing Ethiopia's clout to influence international relations to her advantage. On the international level the downstream's (Egypt and Sudan) holding on to the status quo of historical agreements and the principle of "acquired rights" was identified as a major factor blocking cooperative development. The Nile Basin Initiative, since 1999, gives hope for a more cooperative future. The success of the NBI, however, will only be assured if a legal/institutional framework can be agreed on. The PhD ends with various options to increase cooperation, also on non-water issues. Download
Ethiopia and the Eastern Nile Basin
Arsano, Yacob
Ethiopia is the main source of the Nile River, and the country urgently needs water for irrigation and hydro-electric power development. To-date, however, Ethiopia is the country in the Eastern Nile basin that uses the least amount of water from the Nile run-off. There is no basin-wide agreement on the utilization and management of the water resources of the Nile Basin. Unilateral planning and implementation approaches have hindered the possibilities of cooperation and coordinated development. On the national level, economic and institutional capacities are also limited. Past initiatives as well as the current Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) are outlined regarding how far these dilemmas are dealt with. The paper ends with suggestions on how to deal with open questions and lessons learned from the ongoing NBI process. Aquatic Sciences 2005, (67): pp. 15-27. Available for purchase from: SpringerLink
Ethiopian political culture strikes back
Hagmann, Tobias
African Affairs 2006, Volume 105, Number 421, pp. 605-612 Available for purchase from: Oxford Journals
From state collapse to duty-free shop: Somalia’s path to modernity
Hagmann, Tobias
African Affairs 2005, Vol. 104, No. 416, pp. 525-535 Available from: Oxford Journals
Beyond clannishness and colonialism: understanding political disorder in Ethiopia's Somali Region, 1991–2004
Hagmann, Tobias
This article proposes an alternative interpretation of political disorder in Ethiopia's Somali Regional State since the rise to power of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) in 1991. Some observers have perceived contemporary politics in the former Ogaden as an example of ‘internal colonisation’ by highland Ethiopians. Others attribute political instability to the ‘nomadic culture’ inherent in the Somali clan structure and the ineptness of its political leaders. This study argues that neither of these two politicised narratives grasps the contradictory interactions between the federal Ethiopian government and its Somali periphery, nor the recursive relations between state and society. With reference to the literature on neo-patrimonialism, I elucidate political disorder in the Somali Region by empirically describing hybrid political domination, institutional instability, and patronage relations, showing how neo-patrimonial rule translates into contested statehood in the region and political devices ranging from military coercion to subtle co-optation. Rather than unilateral domination, a complex web of power and manipulation between parts of the federal and regional authorities animates political disorder in Ethiopia's Somali Region. The Journal of Modern African Studies 2005, Vol. 43, No. 4, pp. 509-536 Available from: Cambridge University Press
Sudan and the Nile Basin
Hamad, Osman El-Tom
The following article gives an overview of Sudanese water development facts and potentials and their regional impact on the other countries sharing the Nile River and beyond. These are set in relation to the unique environmental, socio-economic and political context of Sudan. While the availability of land for irrigation is great, water is limited due to Sudans situation upstream of Egypt and downstream of Ethiopia and the Equatorial Lakes. This geographical position makes Sudan take on a mediative approach to international relations in the Nile Basin. Recent steps to cooperation in the Nile Basin Initiative are presented; they highlight the enormous opportunities that exist in the cooperative development of the Nile. Aquatic Sciences 2005, (67): pp. 28-41 Available from: SpringerLink
Hacia una (re)conceptualización de ciudadanía
Hoffmann, Sabine
Este artículo presenta un esquema analítico de la ciudadanía, el mismo que comprende diferentes dimensiones interrelacionadas. Partiendo de las dimensiones “status versus práctica”, “lo privado versus lo público” y “espacio público” se busca conceptualizar la noción de la participación ciudadana en los espacios públicos. T'inkazos - Revista Boliviana de Ciencias Sociales 2005, No. 18, pp. 81-91 Download
Dangerous Divisions: Irrigation Disputes and Conflict Transformation in the Ferghana Valley
Bichsel, Christine
PhD Thesis, University of Bern, Switzerland "The present study focuses on irrigation disputes and 'conflict transformation' in Central Asia. It analyses three projects by international and bilateral donors who share common approach to transforming irrgation conflicts in the Ferghana Valley. [...] Three major research foci guide this study. First, it addresses the environment-conflict nexus. It explores the relationship between irrigation and the occurence of inter-group conflict. Second, the thesis examines the prescriptive approach of 'conflict transformation'. It focuses on the norms and values that construe conflict and its mitigation. Third, the research addresses the issue of power. It examines both conflicts and interventions studied for their embeddedness in power relations." For further information, please contact the author
Bringing the Sultan Back In
Hagmann, Tobias
In: Buur L, Kyed H M, editors. State Recognition and Democratisation in Sub-Saharan Africa. A New Dawn for Traditional Authorities? New York: Palgrave, pp. 31-51. Order from: Palgrave Macmillan
Are we Scorpions? The Role of Upstream-Downstream Dialogue in fostering Cooperation in the Nile Basin
Mason, Simon
Water consumed upstream does not flow downstream. Consequently, upstream–downstream relations along a shared river may entail competitive use or even conflict. What is the role of communication in preventing or transforming such behavior? The present article addresses this question based on lessons learned in 3 Dialogue Workshops carried out between 2002 and 2004 in the Eastern Nile Basin, with participants from Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan. It indicates that the danger of upstream–downstream relations is not primarily “scorpion-like” behavior (damaging an opponent), but rather “ostrich-like” behavior (burying one's head in the sand, ignoring unilateral developments). Dialogue is shown to be a key determinant in rectifying this situation, as it is the basis for trust-building, exchange of information, and development of mutually acceptable management options. Other key factors to be considered are the balance of power between highland–lowland actors and the legal/institutional framework governing their interaction. Mountain Research and Development 2005, 25(2), pp. 115-120 Order via your university library from: BioOne
Resource based conflict framing among the Kereyu in the Upper and Middle Awash Valley of Ethiopia
Mulugeta, Allemmaya
This article presents aspects of a research project on so-called «violent resource based conflicts» in pastoral areas. It focuses on the question of how various actors of the main involved parties interpret and «frame» conflicts differently. It is a case study conducted among the Kereyu pastoral community in the upper and middle Awash valley of Ethiopia who relate with other neighbouring groups and share common resources through both violent and non-violent conflicts. Tsantsa 2005, 10: pp. 23-26 Download
Vulnerability Assessment of Water Resources Systems in the Eastern Nile Basin to Environmental Factors
Abd El-Moghny, Mohamed
Master's Thesis, Cairo University, Egypt "A situation analysis with regard to the vulnerability of water resources systems in the Eastern Nile Basin was carried out. The focus was on using internationally recognized indicators and indices that can provide an insight about the situation in the region in a concise and illustrative fashion. A generic operational framework for assessing vulnerability of water systems was outlined and applied to the Eastern Nile Basin. Based on a careful survey, a list of 31 indicators used for vulnerability assessment were identified and categorized according to an outlined categorical structure designed to separate hydrological and physical indicators from other indicators of socio-economic or political nature. [...]" Download
The Role of NGOs in Preventing and Managing Conflicts Resulting from Water Resources Development in Ethiopia
Bonzi, Rea
Master's Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland "This thesis deals with the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in preventing and managing conflicts arising from water development projects in Ethiopia. It seeks to find out development organization’s comprehension of a conflict, their perception of their role in a conflict setting and their relationship to other organizations. Besides a descriptive part, the thesis also examined reasons seeking to explain the success or failure of NGOs’ efforts in conflict prevention. [...]" Download Summary
ONG transnationales et experts dans le débat démocratique
Dumoulin, David
"[...] La bioprospection est une de ces questions qui est venue sur le devant de la scène dans la plupart des pays latino-américains à la fin des années 1990, même si, en tant que collecte scientifique de matière vivante (plantes, champignons, micro-organismes, animaux, etc.), il s’agit d’une pratique ancienne et très répandue. Cette pratique peut s’appuyer sur la participation des populations indigènes et de leurs savoirs traditionnels sur les plantes, comme il en est question ici. [...] On voudrait analyser ici la bioprospection non dans ses modalités pratiques, mais plutôt comme objet de conflit politique, de controverse sociotechnique, permettant de faire dialoguer scientifiques, militants et politiques. [...]" Problèmes d’Amérique Latine 2004, No. 54, pp. 95-122 Order from: Choiseul Éditions
Décentralisation participative et ethnicisation en Bolivie, 1994-2005
Lacroix, Laurent
In: CESU [Centro de estudios universitarios superiores], CIDES [Postgrado multidisciplinario en ciencias del desarrollo], IFEA [Instituto francés de estudios andinos] , IRD [Institut de recherche pour le développement], Gobernabilidad y gobernanza de los territorios en América Latina, Cochabamba / La Paz: 94-118. For further information, please contact the author.
Gobernanza en salud
Hufty, Marc
Governance in health: a conceptual and analytical approach to research "In the Latin American region there is a notable absence of conceptual coherency in the use of the terms governability and governance. This is true for their application to both the social and political sciences and health. Researchers’ understanding of governance varies, and the concept is used heterogeneously within academic circles, with ignorance of the term on the part of decisionmakers and great confusion and ambiguity in the meanings used by researchers and decisionmakers in the health sector. Instead of the prevailing normative use, promoted by most international agencies, a conceptual and analytical framework for governance is proposed here for health systems and services research. Advances in the design of this framework were used to evaluate the public health insurance program in Buenos Aires, Argentina, which allowed the use of the analytical framework to be assessed as a tool for systemizing the social, political, and institutional complexity of the health policy formulation and implementation processes." Cadernos de Saúde Pública / Reports in Public Health 2006, Vol. 22, Sup: S35-S45 Download from: Scielo Brasil
Le développement durable et sa gouvernance
Hufty, Marc
Natures Sciences Sociétés 2006, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 163-165 Available for purchase from: EDP Sciences
Intégration de la population dans les mesures de protection
Hufty, Marc
"La mise en place d’aires protégées est un instrument essentiel pour la conservation de la diversité biologique. Mais elle ne peut aboutir que si les mesures de protection tiennent compte des besoins de la population locale." Hotspot 2006, No. 14, p. 11 Download PDF from: Swiss Academy of Science
Le soja en Amérique du Sud ou le cauchemar de Humboldt
Hufty, Marc
"En apparence, la culture du soja est une chance pour l’Argentine, la Bolivie, le Brésil et le Paraguay. Elle apporte à ces pays une manne financière bienvenue. Mais ses conséquences pour la forêt, le sol, la biodiversité, l’eau et - surtout - les populations locales rendent cette réussite économique dérisoire. Quelques mouvements d’opposition tentent de faire entendre leur voix, mais ils restent démunis face à la demande mondiale de soja." La Revue Durable 2006, No. 20, pp. 46-47 Available from: LaRevueDurable
Les bassins hydrographiques internationaux
Luzi, Samuel
"Alors que le discours sur la « gestion de l'eau » privilégiait autrefois une approche axée sur l'ingénierie, il adopte désormais une perspective plus globale qui privilégie la protection de l'environnement, l'efficacité, ainsi que les aspects politiques et institutionnels de la gestion et de la planification intégrée et coopérative de l'eau. C'est la crainte d'une « guerre de l'eau » qui a permis d'accélérer l'intégration de la gestion de l'eau dans les bassins versants partagés ; les questions hydriques figurent désormais à l'ordre du jour de décideurs haut placés et d'organisations internationales spécialistes des questions de sécurité, et des cadres spécifiques ont été créés pour gérer les relations conflictuelles entre groupes d'opérateurs à différents niveaux." Les Cahiers de la Sécurité 2006, No. 63, pp. 35-39 Available from: INHES
Ethique et développement durable
Droz, Yvan
Paris, Karthala
Jeux de gouvernance
Hufty, Marc
Paris, Karthala, iuéd
Land Politics and Conflict in Nepal:
Upreti, Bishnu Raj
Land has always been one of the major causes of armed conflict and structural violence in Nepal. Land is also a source of feudal socio-economic structure in the country. Hence, examining land issues from these perspectives is crucially important to initiate fresh debates on the potential contribution of land reform in the transformation process and addressing the problems of landlessness in the changing political context. This is an effort of researchers and practitioners to examine various aspects of land related issues in Nepal. This work particularly focuses on conflict and exclusion of marginalized people in access to and control of land resources and associated power dynamics in Nepal.
The Governance Analytical Framework
Hufty, Marc
The GAF was validated in the NCCR international conference held in Geneva in November 2007. This text presents the tool and is at the disposition of the scientific community. Download
The Critical Issue of Land Ownership
Ayele, Gebre Mariam
NCCR North-South Dialogue, No. 11 Bern, NCCR North-South
Concentration and monopolisation of seed market: Impact on food security and farmer’s rights in mountains.
Upreti, Bishnu Raj
The common proverb “Save seed in famine and save life in crowd” has even more relevance in the context of corporate globalisation and privatisation of genetic resources. This statement vividly highlights the importance of plant genetic resources in sustaining production system, respecting farmer’s rights and protecting national sovereignty of country of origin of those genetic resources. Protection, promotion and sustainable use of genetic resources for food and agriculture have even specific importance to secure local control over food production, distribution and utilisation system. Therefore, seed has an imperative economic prospect, socio-cultural value, political essence and continuation of viable production system. Download from: Mountain Forum
Ethiopia and the Nile
Arsano, Yacob
Center for Security Studies (CSS), ETH Zurich, Switzerland
Movimientos piqueteros: alcances de su construcción política
Freytes Frey, Ada Cora
"The article approaches the subject of the significacy of the ‘piqueteros’ movements for the Argentine political field, retaking two habitual axes of discussion in the bibliography. As opposed to the debate about the continuity or rupture that these movements represent with respect to “the traditional” forms of organization of the popular sectors, it is indicated that this type of approach does not allow to understand the complex articulation between past and present that characterizes them. In relation to the controversy on the political effectiveness of its action, it is indicated that they have lastly transformed the perspections about unemployment, archivieng recognition in the public space and generated relevant spaces of social militants." Revista Política y Cultura 2007, No. 27, pp. 121-141. Available from: Revista Política y Cultura
Repertorios en fábrica
Cavaliere, Sandra
"El trabajo interpreta el fenómeno de recuperación fabril como parte del nuevo repertorio de acción colectiva en Argentina. Estudia el Movimiento Nacional de Fábricas Recuperadas por sus Trabajadores con el análisis preliminar de una investigación en terreno realizada entre marzo de 2005 y junio de 2006 en ciudad y provincia de Buenos Aires. Muestra cómo se enfrentaron los problemas laborales con los recursos disponibles y explora el horizonte de sentido en que estas circunstancias motivaron y justificaron las acciones. Así, el repertorio no sólo se concibe como un conjunto de medios para formular reclamos, sino también como una colección de sentidos que aparece relacionalmente en la lucha. Se espera aportar al estudio de la constitución de nuevos actores colectivos al ilustrar los mecanismos de un fenómeno que internacionalmente es ubicado entre las formas posibles de lucha obrera del siglo XXI." Estudios Sociólogicos 2007, 73, Vol. XXV, No. 1, pp. 155-186. Available from: Estudios Sociológicos
¿A dónde va Bolivia?
Hufty, Marc
La Paz: Plural Editores, NCCR North-South
Movimientos piqueteros y democracia en Argentina
Freytes Frey, Ada Cora
Latitude. Revista do Programa de Mestrado em Sociologia, Instituto de Ciências Sociais, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió, Brasil. 2007, Año 1, Nº 1, pp. 83-100. For further information, please contact the author.
Entre justesse et justice
Diaz Ramirez, Liliana
Ecologie & Politique, 2005, No. 30, pp. 113-124 Download
La gouvernance urbaine, du Nord au Sud
Hillenkamp-Buscail, Isabelle
iuéd Working Paper 2007, Etudes courtes, No. 11. Available from: The Graduate Institute
Rethinking India’s Counter-insurgency Campaign in North-East
Barbora, Sanjay
"The optimism generated by proponents of India’s “Look East” policy and tentative peace talks between armed opposition groups and the state would suggest that there has been a radical change in the government of India’s north-east policy. However, militarisation and ethnic confrontation continue to define the parameters of public policy in India’s north-east. Ethnic violence is accentuated by the existence of parallel political and administrative structures that undermine the rule of law. This article argues that the change in India’s north-east is contingent upon the government’s motivation to encourage transparency in governance and administration and to consciously move away from its existing reliance on archaic military solutions." Economic and Political Weekly 2006, XLI(35), pp. 3805-3812 Available for purchase from: Economic and Political Weekly
National and Indigenous Management of Environmental Conflicts in the Savannah Belt of Sudan
Ahmed, Mey Eltayeb
PhD Thesis, University of Khartoum, Sudan For further information, please contact the author
The Transformation of Violent Conflicts in Pastoral Areas of Ethiopia.
Mulugeta, Allemmaya
PhD Thesis, University of Basel, Switzerland For further information, please contact the author
Conflict Management Over Water Rights in Ethiopia
Arsano, Yacob
In: Baechler G, Spillmann KR, Suliman M. editors. 2002. Transformation of Resource Conflicts: Approach and Instruments. Bern: Peter Lang, pp 451-476. Order from: Peter Lang Publishing Group
Umweltkonflikte – Katalysatoren für Kooperation?
Ludi, Eva
In: Steinmetz, E (ed.). 2003. Naturschutz - (Aus-)Löser von Konflikten? Dokumentation einer Tagung des Bundesamtes für Naturschutz und der Heinrich Böll Stiftung vom 25. - 27. November 2002 in Berlin. pp. 73-81 Download from: Bundesamt für Naturschutz, Deutschland
Transformation of Resource Conflicts and the Case of Woito River Valley in Southern Ethiopia
Arsano, Yacob
In: Flury M, Geiser U. 2002. Local Environmental Management in a North-South Perspective. Issues of Participation and Knowledge Management. vdf Hochschulverlag Zurich & IOS Press Amsterdam, pp. 91-108 Order from: vdf Hochschulverlag Zurich
Les politiques de conservation de la nature au cœur de l’internationalisation et de la convergence des ordres politiques
Dumoulin, David
Numéro Spécial de la Revue de la CEPAL, Amérique latine 2005, CEPAL-IHEAL, Santiago du Chili, mai 2005.
L’objet gouvernance
Hufty, Marc
In: Hufty M, Freire A, Plagnat P (Ed). 2005. Jeux de gouvernance: Regards et réflexions sur un concept. Cahier des jeunes chercheurs de l’IUED. Paris Karthala.
Peuples indigènes et citoyenneté en Amérique latine
Hufty, Marc
In: Géraldine Froger, editor. 2006. La mondialisation contre le développement durable? Bruxelles, Peter Lang. pp. 181-197 Order from: Peter Lang Publishing Group
Vulnérabilité et résilience des métropoles
Milbert, Isabelle
In: Da Cunha A, Ruegg J. 2003. Développement durable et aménagement du territoire, Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes, pp. 313-330. Order from: Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes Download: Table of Contents
El trabajo frente al espejo
Battistini, Osvaldo R.
Buenos Aires, Prometeo Libros Download
Conflict Transformation
Goetschel, Laurent
In: Chetail V, editor. Lexique Peacebuilding. For more information click here.
Conflict Transformation in Central Asia
Bichsel, Christine
This book provides the first systematic analysis of peace-building in Central Asia for inter-ethnic conflicts over water and land in the Ferghana Valley based on concrete, in-depth and on-site investigation. The core analysis centres on peacebuilding projects in Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan by three international aid agencies – an international NGO, a bilateral governmental donor and a multilateral agency – and the shared approach which the donors developed and used for conflict transformation. Using ethnographic case material, the author critically examines both the theoretical assumptions guiding this approach and its empirical outcomes when put into practice. Building on existing work in conflict transformation and the ethnography of international assistance in Central Asia, the book sheds light on Western attempts to transform the post-socialist societies of Central Asia and provides fresh empirical data on and insights into irrigation practices, social institutions, and state and identity formation in the Ferghana Valley. The book was published by Routledge in its Central Asian Studies series. Order
El triunfo de Evo Morales: início de una nueva institucionalidad o etorno de los conflictos sociales? Búsqueda
de la Fuente, Manuel
In Spanish De la Fuente M. 2007. El triunfo de Evo Morales: início de una nueva institucionalidad o etorno de los conflictos sociales? Búsqueda. Cochabamba: IESE-UMSS, 29, pp 9-35. Download
Governmental Complexity in the Swiss Alps
Hoppler, Jöri
NCCR North-South Dialogue, No. 18 Bern, NCCR North-South
L’Angola dans la paix: Autoritarisme et reconversions
Péclard, Didier
Politique Africaine 110: 5-120. For further information click here.
Les chemins de la "reconversion autoritaire" en Angola
Péclard, Didier
Politique Africaine 110: 5-20. Download
Im Südsudan ist der Zensus ein hochpolitisches Unterfangen
Santschi, Martina
Erstmals in der Geschichte des Sudans wird eine Volkszählung durchgeführt, die den gesamten Südsudan sowie grosse Teile des Nordens umfasst. Im Zensus spiegeln sich der Machtkampf zwischen Khartum und dem Süden sowie Rivalitäten innerhalb des Südsudans. NZZ 110, 14.5.2008. Download
Sustainable tourism and post-conflict state building
Upadhaya, P.K.
In: Upreti BR, Sharma SR, Pyakuryal KN, Ghimire S, editors. The Remake of a State: Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal. Kathmandu: South Asia Regional Coordination Office of the Swiss National Centere of Competence in Research (NCCR North-South) and Human and Natural Ressources Studies Centre (HNRSC), pp. 87-109. Download
People, Protected Areas and Global Change
Galvin, Marc
"This is an important contribution to the literature on protected areas and the political ecology of natural resource management and conservation. It provides a very timely analysis of "participatory" PA governance and management, examining "new paradigm" PA approaches which - in policy and rhetoric if not always in practice - offer alternatives to the fortress conservation approaches that have so often proved environmentally ineffective, socially disastrous and morally questionable. The editors and 31 contributors "tried to determine how the participatory approach to conservation evolved in specific settings and who profits from the new approach." Drawing on research by 13 research groups working in diverse regions of the global South (South America, sub-Saharan Africa, and South and Southeast Asia) and in Switzerland, the book offers a set of coordinated case studies that are attentive to historical, geographical, political, social, and economic contexts and dynamics." Stan Stevens, Univ. of Massachusetts Download Book Download Flyer
Chaco boliviano paraguayo. Desafíos en perspectiva transfronteriza
Bazoberry , Chali O.
La Paz, Bolivia: Instituto para el Desarrollo Rural de Sud-américa (IPDRS).
Geografía de la gobernanza: ¿la alternancia partidaria como factor de consolidación del poder de los gobernadores en el escelario nacional mexicano?
Modoux, Magali
Foro Internacional 185, XLVI, 2006 (3): 513-532 Geography of Governance: Party Alternation as a Factor of Power Consolidation for Governors in Mexico’s National Scenario? Governors are increasingly present and active in the Mexican national scenario since the 1990s, but even more since 2000, when they began to mobilize vis-à-vis the federal executive and to build a front for defending their interests: the conago. Having developed from states’ tax and budgetary claims, the conago serves now as a platform for governors –mainly for those from the pri–, who use it as a tool to shape both the federal government agenda and national politics, though this party may no longer lead the state. The new –and relative– autonomy of state governors was facilitated by the president’s retraction within the boundaries of his constitutional powers, as a result, among others, of the succeeding victories of opposition parties that broke the twin chains of the pri’s control of the political game: the partisan and the institutional chains. However, the Mexican political system is still presidential and centralized, and therefore the conago’s influence on wide and public decision-making is limited. The future of the conago will depend on the capacity of its members to transcend the individual interests of the states they represent. In this sense, the arrangement of power after the 2006 presidential elections will be crucial. Download
La richesse génétique du Sud convoitée par le Nord
Auroi, Claude
"De plus en plus souvent, les groupes pharmaceutiques et agroalimentaires font valoir des licences sur certaines propriétés d’espèces animales et végétales, s’assurant ainsi des droits de distribution lucratifs. En même temps, les pays en développement, «génétiquement riches», revendiquent une juste répartition des bénéfices. Cette évolution peut être illustrée par l’exemple du Pérou." Hotspot 2006, No. 14, pp. 6-7 Download from: Swiss Academy of Science
Governing violence in the pastoralist space:
Mulugeta, Allemmaya
Africa Focus 21(2):71-87. Download
Déforestation et droit coutumier à Madagascar
Muttenzer, Frank
PhD Thesis, University of Geneva, Switzerland For further information please contact the author
Civilian Peacebuilding: Peace by Bureaucratic Means?
Goetschel, Laurent
Conflict, Security and Development 9(1):55-73. Order from: Informaworld.
Espaces forestiers, système de production agraire et dégradation des forêts à Madagascar
Ramamonjisoa, Bruno
"La dégradation de l'espace résiduel forestier constitue un des problèmes majeurs du développement agricole à Madagascar. Malgré l'importance de l'aide internationale dans le cadre de la mise en œuvre du PNAE les forêts se sont dégradées à un rythme de 1,7% par an. Aux lacunes techniques d'encadrement paysan et l'insuffisance des connaissances sur la forêt Malgache (croissance lente, relief accidenté) ont été proposées des solutions institutionnelles qui prônent la responsabilisation des acteurs locaux dans la gestion forestière. Cet article vise à évaluer la pertinence des outils institutionnels et des concepts utilisés pour la protection des forêts à Madagascar à partir d'analyse institutionnelle et spatiale par comparaison des normes juridiques et techniques avec les pratiques réelles (analyse des filières et diagnostic technique) [...]". Terre Malgache 2005, No. 24, pp. 92-114 Download
Origines et impacts des politiques de gestion des ressources naturelles à Madagascar
Ramamonjisoa, Bruno
"An investigation of the impact of policies of the natural resources on Madagascar uncovered a number of deficiencies. A widely recommended participative approach is reaching its limits. The impartiality of the actors involved is at stake. Illicit product networks play an important role in the redistribution of commercial income. Strategies that weaken the role of the state should be reversed." Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Forstwesen 2004, Vol. 155, No. 11, pp. 467-475 Download
Traditional Mediation in Sudan
Ahmed, Mey Eltayeb
Poster, Kongress Mediation in Politik und Verwaltung, Zurich, 2 November
Patterns of consumption and poverty in Delhi slums
Agrawal, Naveen Kumar
Economic and Political Weekly 2003, 38(50), pp. 5294-5300 Available for purchase from: Economic and Political Weekly
Intervention und Mediation in Konflikten
Goetschel, Laurent
In: Sara Zwahlen, Wolfgang Lienemann, editors. 2006. Kollektive Gewalt. Bern, Peter Lang, pp. 87-101 Order from: Peter Lang Publishing Group
Gemeinsames staatlich-kollektives Wassermanagement in Cochabamba, Bolivien
Hoffmann, Sabine
In: Schweizerisches Jahrbuch für Entwicklungspolitik. Öffentlich-private Partnerschaften und internationale Entwicklungszusammenarbeit, Band 24, Nr. 2. 2005. iuéd, Genf, pp. 183-194. Download
NGOs in Conflict Prevention: Experiences from the Water Sector in Ethiopia
Bonzi, Rea
While development cooperation can cause or exacerbate conflicts, withholding aid is not the solution. The issue is how to provide aid in a manner that prevents conflict, so as to achieve sustainable peace. This Practical Note examines how NGOs have prevented and managed conflicts arising from water projects in Ethiopia. Development in Practice 2006, 16(2) Available from: Development in Practice
Bolivia. Una frágil tregua
de la Fuente, Manuel
El artículo examina la situación de enfrentamientos en la que se encuentra Bolivia. Enfrentamientos que están conociendo una frágil tregua que permitirá la confrontación electoral de diciembre del 2005. ¿Pero cómo se ha llegado a esta situación de empate social, que se traduce en una serie de conflictos? y ¿cuál podría ser el desenlace de este empate? Son algunas de las preguntas que el artículo trata de responder. L'Ordinaire Latino-américain, Vues d’hier, enjeux d’aujourd’hui (avril-septembre 2005): N° 200-201 Order from: L'Ordinaire Latino-américain
Environmental Peacebuilding: Managing Natural Resource Conflicts in a Changing World
Péclard, Didier
With the current attention given to climate change and global warming, the issue of “environmental security” is back high on the agenda of the international community. Environmental degradation is increasingly considered as a potential cause for the (re-)emergence of violent conflicts due to shrinking natural resources such as drinkable water and land. However, research on the issue has shown that there is very little empirical evidence of a direct causal link between environmental degradation and violent conflict. In order to set effective priorities for environmental peacebuilding, it is important to understand - particularly in situations of environmental stress - how natural resource conflicts are embedded in social and political dynamics, how they are managed by local institutions, and how these institutional arrangements can be supported through outside intervention. Based on a research project conducted by swisspeace within the framework of the NCCR North-South, the swisspeace annual conference 2007 explored those complex linkages and formulated entry points for improving intervention strategies by external actors. Download pdf
Innovación Tecnológica, Soberanía y Seguridad Alimentaría
Delgado, Freddy
This book presents a critical analysis of the potentials and constraints of past and present models of developing agrarian innovations. These innovations had low to non-existent impacts on the sovereignty and security of food production. They focused on linking indigenous food production to a market economy that was not able to guarantee reasonable prices to farmers, preventing them from covering production costs and basic needs for their livelihoods. The attempt to overcome this one-sided policy in order to develop agrarian innovations in the context of a dialogue among scientific, indigenous and popular forms of knowledge was presented as an institutional experience developed by AGRUCO. This experience was developed during the last 15 years with active support from the Centre for Development and Environment, NCCR North-South and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation. Read an extensive account of the book launch by Stephan Rist
Land, Class, Ethnicity: Permutations of Environmental Conflicts in Two Districts of Assam
Barbora, Sanjay
PhD Thesis, North Eastern Hill University, India For further information please contact the author
Bounded Spaces of Coexistence
Wenk, Irina
Tsantsa 2005, 10: pp. 181-185 Order from: Swiss Ethnological Society
Institutional strengthening of the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve (Madre de Dios - Peruan Amazonia)
Galvin, Marc
Since 2002, the Peruvian government has allowed the Harakmbut people to conserve and manage natural resources within their ancestral territory. In order to alleviate the difficulties the Harakmbut had in establishing the institutional and operational framework of this protected area, a PAMS project aiming to strengthen indigenous institutions in the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve, has supported training of administrative leaders and forest rangers. Mountain, Research and Development, June 05 Download
Gender Relevance in Environmental Conflicts
Fleischli, Susanne
"The present study attempts to determine the significance of gender in environmental conflicts and to trace how considerations of gender may contribute to the management of environmental conflicts. These issues are examined by applying gender analysis to the specific case of the Cauvery River dispute in South India. The results show that gender does determine the way people are affected by an environmental conflict, and the way they are involved in the conflict management process. Consideration of gender may contribute to improved management of environmental conflicts by promoting the involvement of all stakeholders, including women, who are often marginalized in conflict management." "Gender Relevance in Environmental Conflicts: A Gender Analysis of the Cauvery Dispute in South India" in: Premchander S, Müller C, editors. 2006. Gender and Sustainable Development: Case Studies from NCCR North-South. Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South, Bern: Geographica Bernensia, pp. 189-205. Download
Movimientos sociales, Género y Gobernanza
Rauber, Isabelle
Buenos Aires, NCCR North South
La cogestion étatique-communautaire de l'eau à Cochabamba (Bolivie)
Hoffmann, Sabine
"L’article de Sabine Hoffmann aborde la notion de partenariat par le biais des régimes institutionnels de propriété et de possession. Aux yeux de l’auteure, les partenariats posent inéluctablement des conditions institutionnelles qui définissent les droits, les obligations, les privilèges et les non-droits des acteurs concernés. L’article expose les différentes logiques auxquelles sont soumis les acteurs dans le cadre de partenariats : rationalité économique (liée à une économie de propriété) ou raison écosociale (liée à une économie de possession). Quelle logique guide les acteurs ? La réponse apportée par l’auteure s’appuie sur une étude de cas menée à Cochabamba, en Bolivie, concernant l’accès à l’eau potable." Annuaire suisse de politique de développement 2005, Vol. 24, No. 2, pp. 179-190 Download
Briefing: Counting ‘New Sudan’
Santschi, Martina
Between 22 April and 6 May 2008, Sudan’s fifth population and housing census was conducted in both North and South Sudan. Because it will have a decisive impact on future power and wealth sharing in Sudan, the census has been highly contested, and its outcome is likely to be controversial. This briefing argues that the hotly contested census not only highlighted existing tensions between the North and the South on topics such as resources, power sharing, and identity but also intensified competition among Southern Sudanese political actors. African Affairsy 107:631-640 Order from: African Affairs
State and Politics in Ethiopia's Somali Region since 1991
Hagmann, Tobias
Bildhaan: An International Journal of Somali Studies 2006, Vol. 6, pp. 25-49 Available from: tobiashagmann.net
Pastoral Conflict and Resource Management in Ethiopia's Somali Region
Hagmann, Tobias
PhD Thesis, University of Lausanne, Switzerland For further information, please contact the author
Gouvernance des forêts et conservation en Bolivie
Hufty, Marc
In: Auroi C, Milbert I., Hufty M. Où va la Bolivie?
Women in Organisations for Poor, Unemployed Working People
Freytes Frey, Ada Cora
In: Premchander S, Müller C, editors. 2006. Gender and Sustainable Development: Case Studies from NCCR North-South. Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South. Bern: Geographica Bernensia, pp. 233-245. Download
Gobernanza de los bosques y conservación en Bolivia
Hufty, Marc
In: Marc Hufty, Claude Auroi and Manuel de la Fuente, editors. 2005. ¿A dónde va Bolivia? Gobernancia, gobernabilidad y democratización, La Paz, Plural Editores; NCCR North-South, pp. 149-181 Available for purchase from: Libros Andinos
Violencia urbana y recuperación de espacios públicos. El caso del AMSS
Baires, Sonia
In Spanish In: V.V. Aportes para la convivencia y la seguridad ciudadana. UNDP. San Salvador C.A. Download
La Région Somali d’Éthiopie. Entre intégration, indépendance et irrédentisme
Hagmann, Tobias
With the introduction of « ethnic federalism » by Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, Somalis have finally been accorded autonomy in eastern Ethiopia. But fifteen years after the Derg, Ethiopian-Somali identity is still disputed and the question of self-determination is far from being resolved. The inhabitants of the Somali region are struggling with three options : integration into Ethiopia, independence based on territory and genealogy or irredentism toward the defunct Democratic Republic of Somalia. Politique Africaine 2005, No. 99, pp. 43-62 Available from: Politique Africaine
Egypt and the Nile Basin
Hefny, Magdy
The following paper examines the Nile question from an Egyptian perspective. The Nile is Egypts main source of water, and 96% of this water originates from outside of its territory. This explains why water is a key security issue for Egypt, and why, from Egypts point of view, cooperation with the upstream Nile countries is the only way forward. Egypts water policy focuses on demand management, environmental protection and international joint projects to increase the water supply (e.g. Jonglei canal). Aquatic Sciences 2005, (67): pp. 42-50. Available from: SpringerLink
Transforming Environmental and Natural Resource Use Conflicts
Mason, Simon
In: Steininger K, Cogoy M, editors. The Economics Of Global Environmental Change: International Cooperation for Sustainability. Edward Elgar. Order from: Edward Elgar
Double-Edged Hydropolitics on the Nile
Luzi, Samuel
This thesis focuses on domestic processes of water policy making in Egypt and Ethiopia in the context of transboundary conflict and cooperation in the Nile Basin. It presents results at two different levels. First, the water sectors of Egypt and Ethiopia are analyzed with regard to their capacity to jointly design and implement effective and sustainable strategy for transboundary river development. Second, the study produces general insights regarding the nature of transboundary river conflicts and the challenges of conflict mitigation. PhD Thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETHZ) Zurich, Switzerland For further information please contact the author
La connaissance métisse
Galvin, Marc
PhD Thesis, Institut universitaire d'études du développement (iuéd), Geneva, Switzerland Metis Knowledge. Analysis of the Traditional Knowledge Policy in Peru: This research aimed to produce a critical analytical framework to understand the process of international norms creation, transmission into a national context and implementation at the local level. This objective has been addressed by choosing traditional knowledge (TK) issue as a strategy to analyze the multi-level governance process, and by studying especially the Peruvian Law for TK protection. This law voted in 2002 intended regulate the encounter of local supply with international demand. But a number of doubts have appeared: Is this law an efficient way of protecting traditional knowledge? Why is its implementation so slow? What is the potential of TK for nature conservation and sustainable development? Download
Citoyenneté "autochtone" et réformes environnementales en Amazonie bolivienne
Bottazzi, Patrick
L’objectif de cette communication est de nous questionner sur les causes et la nature des changements sociopolitiques encourus ces dernières années dans les sociétés d’Amazonie bolivienne, en présentant une approche, quelques données contextuelles et une brève étude de cas : la Réserve de Biosphère et Territoire Indigène Pilón Lajas. Revue Lazos 2005, No. 7 Available for purchase from: Lazos
Movimientos sociales y ciudadania
de la Fuente, Manuel
La Paz, NCCR North South, IUED, Plural
International Conference on Research for Development (ICRD 2008)
NCCR North-South,
NCCR North-South Dialogue, No. 21
Student mobility, experiences of return and employment in Kyrgyzstan
Thieme, Susan
The SRC’s Research Fellows Working Paper, October 2011 >>Download
Fortalecimiento de la organización comunal
Serrano, Elvira
"Fortalecimiento de la organización comunal: estrategia para la conservación y regeneración de bosques andino" in: Delgado F, Serrano E, Bilbao J. editors. 2004. Agroforesteria en Latinoaméria: Experiencias Locales, Cochabamba, MALEA- AGRUCO, pp. 41-50. Order from: agruco.org
Menschliche Sicherheit als Ziel der Staatenwelt:
Goetschel, Laurent
NZZ, Nr. 219/2008: B7. Download
Student Workshop Proceedings on Peace-Building in Nepal
Ghimire, Safal
The document contains the results of discussions held during a visit to Nepal by Harvard University students, co-hosted by the NCCR North-South and Kathmandu University. Download pdf
Commentary - Save Darfur: A Movement and its Discontents
Lanz, David
African Affairs 108 (433): 1-9. Order from oxfordjournal.org
Les conflits liés aux ressources naturelles
Goetschel, Laurent
"Laurent Goetschel et Didier Péclard rendent compte, dans leur contribution, des enseignements qu’ils ont pu tirer d’un projet individuel de recherche mené par la Fondation suisse pour la paix, projet qui s’inscrit dans un programme national de recherche intitulé NCCR North-South – Research Partnerships for Mitigating Syndromes of Global Change. Selon ces auteurs, la portée heuristique du lien de causalité supposé direct entre la diminution des ressources naturelles et la survenance de conflits violents doit être nuancée. Il y a en effet d’autres facteurs à prendre en compte, notamment historique, politique et économique, pour expliquer les conflits." Annuaire suisse de politique de développement 2006, Vol. 25, No. 2, pp. 95-106 Order from: Institut universitaire d'études du développement
Décentralisation, services publics et mobilisation populaire en Bolivie
de la Fuente, Manuel
Les mécanismes participatifs qui accompagnent le processus de décentralisation en Bolivie ont permis un accès plus important, notamment en ce qui concerne les populations rurales, paysannes et indigènes, aux services publics de base. Cet exposé examine quand et dans quelles conditions les populations marginalisées et exclues depuis toujours, ont obtenu un meilleur accès aux services publics. Par ailleurs, les lois liées au processus de décentralisation et d’autres lois connexes ont favorisé un renforcement des organisations populaires. Cet exposé s’efforce également de comprendre ces processus, en se demandant pourquoi une politique de décentralisation, conçue à partir de l'Etat et des organismes internationaux, a ce type de conséquences qui, bien évidemment, n'étaient pas désirées par l'Etat. Download
La violence collective en Bolivie
de la Fuente, Manuel
De la Fuente M. 2008. La violence collective en Bolivie. In: Corten A (dir.) La violence dans l'imaginaire latino-américain. Karthala/Presse de l'université du Québec, pp. 105-116. Download